Petrochemical Drawback Explained
The Petrochemical drawback filing provision allows for the refund of duties on the export of domestically produced petrochemicals in exchange (substituted) for chemicals imported into the United States, so long as they both fall within the same 8-digit HTSUS classification.
Here’s an Example of Petrochemical Drawback
Petrochemical Drawback Allows You to Substitute Exported Petrochemicals at the 8th Digit of the HTSUS
Provision: 19 USC 1313(p)
The exported petroleum product, regardless or its origin, can be substituted to claim drawback on the imported duty paid petroleum product if they both share the same 8-digit HTS and the import and export fall within 180 days of each other.
Note: While the regulations state “petroleum derivatives”, not all qualifying chemicals are derived from petroleum.
The Regulatory Language of Petrochemical Drawback
§ 190.171 General; drawback allowance.
(a) General. Section 313(p) of the Act, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1313(p)), provides for drawback for duties, taxes, and fees paid on qualified articles (see definition below) which consist of either petroleum derivatives that are imported, duty-paid, and qualified for drawback under the unused merchandise drawback law (19 U.S.C. 1313(j)(1)), or petroleum derivatives that are manufactured or produced in the United States, and qualified for drawback under the manufacturing drawback law (19 U.S.C. 1313(a) or (b)).
(b) Allowance of drawback. Drawback may be granted under 19 U.S.C. 1313(p):
(1) In cases where there is no manufacture, upon exportation of the imported article, an article of the same kind and quality, or any combination thereof; or
(2) In cases where there is a manufacture or production, upon exportation of the manufactured or produced article, an article of the same kind and quality, or any combination thereof.
(c) Calculation of drawback. For drawback of finished petroleum derivatives pursuant to section 1313(p), the claimant is required to calculate the total amount of drawback due, for purposes of § 190.51(b), which will not exceed 99 percent of the allowable duties, taxes, and fees, subject to the following:
(1) Per unit averaging calculation. The amount of duties, taxes, and fees eligible for drawback is determined by per unit averaging, as defined in § 190.2, for any drawback claim based on 19 U.S.C. 1313(p) pursuant to the standards set forth in § 190.172(b) and without respect to the limitations set forth in subparagraphs (B) and (C) of 19 U.S.C. 1313(l).
(2) Limitations. The amount of duties, taxes, and fees eligible for drawback is not subject to the limitations set out in 19 U.S.C. 1313(p)(4) for unused merchandise claims (no manufacture) and manufacturing claims (see 190.173(e) and 190.174(f)).
(3) Federal excise tax. For purposes of drawback of internal revenue tax imposed under Chapters 32 and 38 (with the exception of Subchapter A of Chapter 38) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (IRC), drawback granted on the export of substituted merchandise will be limited to the amount of taxes paid (and not returned by refund, credit, or drawback) on the substituted merchandise.
19 CFR Part 190 – Modernized Drawback”https://www.ecfr.gov/current/title-19/chapter-I/part-190
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